“Education is an ornament in prosperity and a refuge in adversity.”- Aristotle
People say that education is a weapon which can be used to change the world. It’s a measure that not only teaches how to earn a living but also how to live. Education broadens the horizon of an individual to think and it also changes the overview of the world as it acts as a window to the world. In India we often see politicians and social workers talk about right to education for all, there exists an act passed in 2009 that argues for free and compulsory education for all children between the age of 6-14 years, yet after all this, we find that education is only being provided to children as a privilege.
For some children today also education is an inaccessible measure due to the persisting inequality. The discrimination is done on the basis of gender, income, cultural identity and health. Many children are not able to access education because of poverty that seems to have seized our country into its clasps. Families that are stricken by poverty do not see education as an imperative tool to improve their living standards, instead, they feel it is more appropriate to put their kids to work. Moreover, factors that are associated with poverty like poor health and hygiene, unemployment, illiteracy of parents and lack of resources multiply the probability of non-schooling and drop-outs. Apart from illiteracy, gender inequality also plays a vital role in preventing children from getting education that is crucial for their intellectual and social development. Many backward classes still believe that it is a birthright of a boy to get education whereas for a girl it is waste of resources as all she has to do is look after her family and raise children. From ancient times people were a firm believer of the proverb “ educate a boy and you educate an individual, educate a girl and you educate a family”, but even after this, we can observe the conventional mentality that still prevails in our society.
Developing countries like India also face problems due to finance deficit. Governments of such country do not have sufficient amount of funds to build schools and necessary infrastructure required (like toilets, playgrounds, activity rooms etc) . Sometimes it also happens that even after proper infrastructure, there is deficiency of trained teachers who are willing to teach students appropriately. The statistics of our country indicate that India has the largest population of illiterate adults in world summing upto 287 million that is 37% of the total global population. There has been a noticeable increase in the rate of literacy of India from 12% during British rule to 72% in 2011, yet , India has the largest population of illiterates. It was ranked 123rd out of 135 countries in female literacy rate according to the 2011 census. The data provided by the census shows an appalling condition of a country which is known to be one of the greatest democracy in the world.
Lack of education often results in many issues among the societies that arose due to the incapability of the human mind to comprehend things judicially. The government has taken various steps in the direction of eradicating this prevailing problem and to make India a 100% literate country. We on an individual level can also play a role in shaping the future of the underprivileged children as the more you share, the more you learn and education is something which is a right for all irrespective of their origin. It is our solemn responsibility as a nation on a whole to educate its citizens and to work collectively in improving their condition.